The last ten years have witnessed major breakthroughs in the development of tomographic and imaging of materials and processes with X-rays and electrons. This has facilitated entirely new insight into the influence of microstructure on the properties of high-value products and their manufacturing, up to complexity levels of biological systems. The Grand Challenge for structural science and engineering with X-rays and electrons is the development of techniques that produce real-time images based on chemical contrast, utilising the chemical information contained in spectra excited by X-rays and electrons. Chemical contrast allows on one hand to identify features in microscopic images arising from differences in chemical composition. On the other, it makes it possible to visualise chemical variations invisible to standard microscopy.
Universities in the United Kingdom use a centralized system of undergraduate application: University and College Admissions Service (UCAS). It is used by both domestic and international students. Students have to register on the UCAS website before applying to the university. They will find all the necessary information about the application process on this website. Some graduate courses also require registration on this website, but in most cases students have to apply directly to the university. Some universities also accept undergraduate application through Common App (the information about it could be found on universities' websites).
Both undergraduate and graduate students may receive three types of responses from the university. The first one, “unconditional offer” means that you already reached all requirements and may be admitted to the university. The second one, “conditional offer” makes your admission possible if you fulfill some criteria – for example, have good grades on final exams. The third one, “unsuccessful application” means that you, unfortunately, could not be admitted to the university of you choice.
All universities require personal statement, which should include the reasons to study in the UK and the information about personal and professional goals of the student and a transcript, which includes grades received in high school or in the previous university.
Entry requirements: Applications are invited from candidates with or expecting a minimum of a UK upper second class honours degree (2:1), or equivalent, in Chemical Engineering, Physics, Chemistry, or a relevant discipline.
The three year scholarships are available on a competition basis to students who are commencing PhD study from October 2015.