Cardiff University logo
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  • Languages of instruction:
  • English

    15/01/2015

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    Description

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    Although the UK and Europe have made vast progress in managing pollution effects on rivers, significant problems still remain. One of the most important arises where endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs) from wastewater treatment (WWTWs) induce gonadal feminisation in male fish and reduce the ability for fertilisation. Effects also propagate through food webs, and we showed recently that a specialist river bird, the Dipper (Cinclus cinclus) accumulates EDCs in its eggs potentially affecting growth, development and sex ratios. We now know that the suite of EDCs affecting Dippers varies between environments (e.g. organochlorine pesticides in rural streams; PCBs/PBDEs in urban streams) 2, but little is known about on routes of food-web transfers and trophic cascades for EDCs from diffuse or point sources in UK freshwaters.

    Contents

    This studentship will investigate trophic cascades of EDCs from WWTW effluents and diffuse discharges (eg agriculture) among invertebrates, fish (bullheads and brown trout,Salmo trutta) and birds (Dipper) in contrasting catchments - The Tamar (south-west England) and the wider Severn Catchment.The latter includes the rural Usk and Wye, along with the urban Taff, Rhondda, Rymney and Ebbw systems.


    UK requirements for international applications

    Universities in the United Kingdom use a centralized system of undergraduate application: University and College Admissions Service (UCAS). It is used by both domestic and international students. Students have to register on the UCAS website before applying to the university. They will find all the necessary information about the application process on this website. Some graduate courses also require registration on this website, but in most cases students have to apply directly to the university. Some universities also accept undergraduate application through Common App (the information about it could be found on universities' websites).

    Both undergraduate and graduate students may receive three types of responses from the university. The first one, “unconditional offer” means that you already reached all requirements and may be admitted to the university. The second one, “conditional offer” makes your admission possible if you fulfill some criteria – for example, have good grades on final exams. The third one, “unsuccessful application” means that you, unfortunately, could not be admitted to the university of you choice.

    All universities require personal statement, which should include the reasons to study in the UK and the information about personal and professional goals of the student and a transcript, which includes grades received in high school or in the previous university.


    University requirements


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