Philology (from Anc. Greek “word+love”) is one of the language disciplines, which studies literacy texts and written records in the context of linguistics, literature and history. Linguistics is sometimes defined as the most “technical” part of philology, in comparison with literary criticism and history.
European countries and the USA philology is usually understood as a study of ancient languages their structure and principles, while linguistics studies current languages.
Philology covers several subdisciplines, such as comparative philology, textual philology, cognitive philology.
Comparative philology (comparative linguistics in philology) deals with relations between languages from different and same groups, looks for similarities and core principles.
Textual philology is usually dedicated to restoration of ancient texts and research of these texts in the context of the era. Textual philology also includes the study of interpretations of ancient texts.
Cognitive philology studies texts as a product of certain human mind, and often is taught as an interdisciplinary science, combining psychology, cognitive sciences and philology.
Usually philology study programs are taught at the departments of language studies or social studies. Philology graduates can continue their education and start research career, or use all arts and humanities skills they received during the education and find a job in any area related to words - media, journalism, speech writing, etc.