In 1804, the Emperor Alexander I signed the decree on the establishment of Kazan Emperor’s University. During the existence of Kazan University, scientific schools on mathematics, chemistry, physics, linguistics that had received international recognition were formed. Non-Euclidian geometry was born here and its founder the mathematician Nikolay Lobachevsky played a prominent role in the development of the University serving it as a rector over two decades.
During its 200 history, the University nurtured 80 full members and corresponding-members of the Russian Academy of Science. Among the outstanding names should be mentioned Nikolay Zinin (for the first time synthesized aniline), Karl Claus (discovered the chemical element and named it Ruthenium), Leo Tolstoy, Aleksandr Butlerov (the founder of the theory of organic chemical compounds), Baudouin de Courtney (the founder of Kazan linguistic school), Vladimir Lenin (the university later was named after his name), Evgeny Zavoysky (discovered the phenomenon of electronic paramagnetic resonance), etc.
The President of the Russian Federation, Boris Yeltsen included Kazan State University in the Register of Cultural Heritage Sites of the Russian Federation in 1996. In 2010 Kazan University was granted the status of Federal university by the decision of the Government of the Russian Federation.