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The University of Jaén (UJA or UJAEN) is a public university based in Jaén, Andalucía, Spain. It is a young university established by Law 5 / 1993 of the Andalusian Parliament of July 1, 1993. In addition to the principal campus, Campus Lagunillas, located in Jaén, the university has two satellite campuses in Linares and Úbeda. Currently under construction is the Scientific-Technological Campus in Linares.
Vision of the UJA
The University of Jaén aspires to align the activity and results of the different organizational units to strengthen its role as an innovative university that maintains and promotes focus on the needs of its stakeholders , with particular attention to the comprehensive training of its students through from a learning model that stimulates and ensures their intellectual development and their ability to function in the professions demanded by a globalized, sustainable society in continuous transformation, to the development of significant and relevant research with international repercussions that allows it to combine the excellence of their teaching and research profiles, thus promoting their role asco-leadership for the social, economic and cultural progress of their environment . To do this, it aims to be an institution that:
- It attends to the needs of its staff , ensuring a workplace that provides well-being and guarantees the development of all its personal and professional potential, and plans its generational change with an orientation towards attracting and incorporating talent that allow it, while preserving its weight. relative in the university system, to reinforce its co-leadership role in the socio-economic and cultural development of the province.
- It offers degrees adapted to the new qualifications demanded by the labor market and to the changing needs of society. It uses a teaching-learning model adapted to the digital native student body and the training needs of a changing society. It provides its students with comprehensive training that complements official education with parallel training that enables them to achieve the maximum development of their personal and professional skills , fostering their commitment to sustainable development and improving their employability.
- It intensifies its profile as a research university with a growing weight of postgraduate training and quality research activities and results. It develops policies that promote the full capacity of its research staff and that enhance the capture of funding through competitive research projects and the attraction of research talent .
- It advances in transversal internationalization , turning the teaching, research and academic extension experience into international. It adopts a proactive and leadership role in the formation of alliances between European universities with which it shares the strong roots and commitment to territories on the periphery of the megalopolises that multiply its leading role in the territory and the employability of its graduates and graduates.
- It gives confidence to its stakeholders because it shows that the governance and management system continually advances in the value proposition of its functions , has the ability to innovate to anticipate and adapt to changes that occur in society and achieve improvement and sustainability of its results, making substantial progress towards a digital university , which explores and develops technology to multiply, transform and favor the value provided in the deployment of university missions and functions, becoming a central element in its development.
- It plays an active role in achieving the collective project of the Sustainable Development Goals of the 2030 Agenda, directing its training, research, knowledge transfer and cultural development activities towards them, being recognized for the results and impact it achieves in its environment.
- It serves as a tool for the social, economic and cultural transformation of the province of Jaén based on training and human capital, but also through innovation, entrepreneurship, knowledge transfer and the projection of culture.
Jaén University traces its history back to the Modern Age with the University of Baeza and throughout the 17th century, in the brief period when the General Study of Santa Catalina became a Pontifical University.
The 14th century to the 16th century
Earlier in 1368, there was a Grammar School which in addition to teaching the discipline, it taught Rhetoric, Logic and all the Liberal Arts. When in the late Modern Age there was a significant economic enrichment, the strength of urban centres like Úbeda, Baeza, Andujar, Alcalá la Real and Jaén itself, this together with the political situation, made the possibility of the realization of a university a reality. King Juan I of Castilla, in 1382, founded the Convent School of Santa Catalina Martyr, run by the Order of Santo Domingo, which taught liberal arts and theology.
Thanks to the efforts of Knight twenty-four Mr Juan Cerezo, Pope Paul III, in 1503, issued a bull which empowered the General Study of the Convent of Santa Catalina to study Liberal Arts, Medicine, Theology and other sciences.
In 1585 the Augustinians, with the complicity of some members of the Cathedral Chapter and without the permission of Bishop Francisco Sarmiento de Mendoza, tried to establish a College of Letters, like that of Baeza, which was created in 1538; but the strong opposition from the Bishop and certain canons, committed to the University of Baeza, caused the University to fail.
The 17th century up to the start of the 20th century
In 1629, Pope Urban VIII, issued a bull which converted the General Survey of the Convent of Santa Catalina Martyr into the Pontifical University of Baeza. This initiated a lawsuit, which they won the following year, the result of which Jaén ceased to be the host university.
The main university was in Baeza, founded on the above date by notary Rodrigo López, who was a relative of Pope Paul III. The school had early support from important noblemen, so-called New Christians—bourgeois Jews who had converted to Christianity rather than leave Spain - as well as from the Jesuits and the Carmelites; Saint John of the cross participated in prayer seminars there. From the very beginning the faculties of Arts and Theology existed, and in 1683, the Canon was founded. Eventually, the University of Baeza went into a long decline, as a result of historical events, which characterised the province of Jaén. The province became an increasingly rural backwater, a pattern that continued until quite recent times. The local aristocracy left, to Parliament in Madrid or to other major Spanish cities, where they invested their wealth, rather than in Jaén and Baeza. The textile industry that had been the basis of local wealth went into a particular decline. Teaching at the university ossified, and an 1807 decree abolished the university, which was followed by the definitive end of the university in 1824.
From then on, the university demands would be made by two centres which were founded in Jaén in 1843: the teacher training college and the Secondary School. Colleges which without being fully recognised are now closer to the status of University Colleges. The mining industry kept its aspirations and the industrial bourgeoisie led to the founding of the School of Mining in 1892 in Linares. Some years later also in Linares, the Linares Industrial School was founded by Royal Decree on July 16, 1910, where they taught the Industrial Technical studies: Mechanical, Chemical, Electrical, and Construction engineering. In 1911 the Technical Middle School, providing Electrical and Mechanical Specialist qualifications and in 1913 the Teacher Training College, were both founded in Jaén.
The 20th century to the 21st century
A new qualitative and quantitative leap occurred from 1945 with the teaching of Business Studies in the School of Commerce. In 1951 came the reopening of the Expert Technical School of Jaén, in Linares, which had closed in 1937 because of the Civil War; however, remained open during the war, and returned to normal during 1939/40, after the end of the war. A second Teacher Training College, the "Sagrada Familia" was founded in 1949 in Villanueva del Arzobispo, where it remained until 1949 when it was transferred to Úbeda. In 1954 Jaén Provincial Council founded the Provincial Welfare School of Nursing.
Around the seventies, the demographic and political model that favoured the dispersion of the university through the founding of University Colleges, created an ideal environment for the Academic Activities Seminar organized in 1969 within the Institute of Jaén Studies, regaining the university project in Jaén. In April 1970 Jaén Council authorized the necessary funds for the founding of a College. Requested by the council in July 1971, it was granted by the Ministry of Education and Science in October of that year. However, until November 1975 it was not affiliated to the University of Granada.
Earlier in 1972, the School of Education had become the Teacher Training College of the EGB (Educación General Básica, the old Spanish education system) and the School of Technical Industrial Engineering became the College of Technical Industrial Engineering. In 1976 the Linares Technical College, suffered the same fate, also joining the group of University Centres in the province of Jaén a new municipal ownership of the same city, as was the School of Teacher Training "Antonia López Arista." Finally in 1978 the School of Commerce, which would be the School of Business Studies, the School of Nursing and the "Sagrada Familia" Úbeda joined the rest of the group which made up the schools in Jaén and the provinces.
In 1982 the College joined the University of Granada, although the effective integration did not take place until January 1985.
The penultimate stage of the process occurred after 1989. In that year the University College was broken down into the Faculty of Humanities and the Faculty of Experimental Science. In 1990 the Faculty of Social Sciences and Law was founded. The year before the University School of Industrial Engineering of Jaén became the Technical College and the University of Granada founded the University Campus University in Jaén, to which the existing centres in the city were first affiliated. From the academic year 92/93 those in the rest of the province also joined.
1993, founding of the University of Jaén
The final stage began after the founding of the Academic Technical Committee Jaén University Campus. Then in May 1992 was the final transformation into University of Jaén, by Law 5 / 1993 of the Andalusian Parliament of July 1, 1993, which officially began with the constitution of the Management Committee on 7 September of that year.
At this stage, all existing university centres in Jaén, and the rest of the province form the new University of Jaén, in which Mr Luis Parras Guijosa will be the first vice-chancellor (previously president of the Management Committee).
The new university continues growing, the Linares Technical College, which has been giving training to professionals of mining and industrial engineering for over 100 years. During 93-94 it added technical engineering studies for telecommunications (Telematics) to its range of training. This institution belongs to the University of Jaén. Some years later, in 2005 and after establishing the second year of Telecommunication Engineering studies, the Linares Technical College acquired a superior status.
The Statutes of the University of Jaén, as a tool for self-government, were approved by the Constitutional Senate on the 9th of June 1998 and subsequently by the Governing Council of the Autonomous Community of Andalucía, through Decree 277/1998 of 22 December, as published in the Official Gazette of the Autonomous Community of Andalucía, no. 8 January 19, 1999.
Once all the requirements were fulfilled as required under current legislation, the University of Jaén was fully integrated into the Spanish university system and able to fully exercise the autonomy conferred by Article 27.10 from the Spanish Constitution of 1978.
Since it was founded, the institution has committed itself to providing quality teaching, as well as the increase of scientific production and development of infrastructures (currently there are several under construction). The University of Jaén offers of over 50 degrees, technical equipment of advanced technology, laboratories, a library with more than 480,000 digital publications, exchange programs and mobility for students within more than 60 countries, work experience with more than 550 companies, a careers service with two programs of professional training and modern sports facilities as well as a wide range of activities for students.
Times Higher Education Young University Rankings (International Ranking)
- 251-300 best universities in the world with less than 50 years of age, ranking 24th in Spain.
- 801-1000 best universities in the world , ranking 26th in Spain.
- in the first quartile of European universities where its students would recommend it as the best option for undergraduate or graduate studies.
- 51st worldwide , ranking second at the national and Andalusian level.
Shanghai Ranking (International Ranking)
- 701-800 strip of best universities in the world . At the national level, it is ranked 23-30 and at the Andalusian level in third position.
- Informatics (Computer Science & Engineering) in the 201-300 strip of the best universities in the world. At the national level, it is in sixth position.
Center for World University Rankings (International Ranking)
The UJA is in position 1084 worldwide. At the national level, in position number 39 and is the sixth in Andalusia.
CYD Ranking (National Ranking)
62nd global position at the national level out of a total of 76 who have participated and the 7th at the Andalusian level . By areas, research ranks 34th in Spain and 5 in Andalusia. In contribution to regional development, 47 in Spain and 7 at the regional level
Ranking Spanish Universities (National Ranking)
Position 7 out of a total of 12 intervals built with the 84 participating universities. Likewise, in the U-Volume it is ranked 23rd out of 32 intervals built with the 84 participating universities .