Study programs in Germany are available for young people after finishing upper secondary school education and passing finals, named “Abitur”. International students have to pass similar exams in order to confirm the required level, for example English equivalent of Abitur is A-level.
Studies in Germany are considered to be more theoretical, than practical, because study programs in Germany mainly consist of lectures. The organ responsible for realization the educational programs of the country is the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research. As Germany is a participant of the Bologna process, country`s national higher education system is divided into BA, MA and PhD degrees.
There are currently 387 universities in Germany and they are divided into three major groups:
- Universities or similar institutions (110)
- Universities of applied sciences (221)
- Colleges of art and music (56)
To study bachelor programs in Germany there are several basic requirements: to complete secondary education, to pass final exams successfully and to hold a language certificate at list at a level B2 for a foundation year program or C1 for the first year of university studies. Bachelor programs in Germany last for 3 or 4 years, depending on the program chosen. Study programs are available in German and in English language both.
To study master programs in Germany the one should hold two certificates: bachelor degree certificate and a language certificate at a level C1. Other specific requirements will vary depending on the course. The duration of master programs is 2 years. Most studies are offered in English language.
German universities offer study programs in various fields, including technical and humanitarian specializations. However, Germany is especially famous for its bachelor and master degrees in Physics, Computer Science, History and Philosophy.